Orthopedists have multiple options of treatment that are mainly divided into surgical (discussed before), medications, and physiotherapy. Orthopedics most used drugs are anti-inflammatories to suppress the inflammatory process in bones and joints. Corticosteroids, as well as NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), are widely used in osteoarthritis and RA. Some bone diseases need extra specific treatment as gout which is controlled with colchicine.
General supportive medications such as supplemental calcium, vitamin D, and minerals are prescribed by orthopedists in almost all bone diseases however it may be the only definitive treatment for rickets and osteoporosis. A healthy lifestyle with a balanced nutrition plan will significantly contribute to getting well sooner.
Physiotherapy is an important non-surgical approach that helps in restoring the function of joints and muscles completely. Patients who underwent orthopedic surgery may be referred to a physical therapist to promote the mobility of the affected limb. A physiotherapist performs massaging and passive exercising for the patients. Electric muscle stimulation (EMS) which is a modality used in physiotherapy may be used for multiple purposes. EMS is completely safe and painless.