Orthopedics | All You Need to Know About Orthopedics

5. Bone inflammation

It is a medical condition that is usually part of a degenerative process due to malnutrition or aging and it is called osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is the most common disease that orthopedists daily deal with. Osteoarthritis is controlled remarkably with conservative treatment including anti-inflammatory, analgesics, and good nutrition. In a few cases of osteoarthritis, the joint affection is fulminant and severe that couldn’t be managed with drugs so orthopedic surgical interference is a must.

Joint replacement surgery is the operation of choice in complicated cases of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The surgery involves the partial or complete replacement of the joint with a metal, plastic, or ceramic device called prosthesis. According to the severity of the joint damage, the orthopedist determines the type of operation. Weight-bearing joints as hip, knee and ankle joints are the most replaced joints.