4- Fever and chills
Fever and chills are also common symptoms associated with kidney stones. They usually appear when there’s a coexisting infection of the urinary tract, but sometimes they start alongside with the pain symptoms, and patients enter to the emergency room with a sudden onset of pain, fever, and chills.
Fever is a common symptom of infectious and inflammatory diseases. The organism increases body temperature to help the immune system combat diseases or foreign bodies. This is achieved after regulating the body’s thermostat, which is located in the hypothalamus, a special region of the brain that controls vital body functions such as hormonal balance, hunger, and thirst.
Since our body thermostat is adjusted at a higher level than normal, the rest of the body starts perceiving that temperature is lower. Thus, we start feeling chills and sensation of coldness, the muscles start contracting to create additional heat, and we might even get shivers and similar symptoms. All of them are caused by a change in our central nervous system.
Fever in kidney stones is a continuous type of fever. It might start along with pain symptoms and be sustained after the rest of the symptoms disappear. In the event of fever, it is important to take into consideration urinary tract infections as a differential diagnose.