Various organs which are seen in the lower left side of an abdomen are the continuation of all those that are located in the upper portion of the abdomen. However, some are also completely different. These include left ureter, the lowest edge of the left kidney, sigmoid colon, the portion of a bladder and colon, large nerves and blood vessels, along with it, an ovary and associated fallopian tubes in women. For a short while, pain in a lower left side of an abdomen is not of any cause of concern but a persistent pain is something which a person should not ignore. There may be various causes of pain in the left lower abdomen of which some are also linked or initiate due to the upper side of abdomen like an infection of stone in kidney, trapped gases, enlargement of an abdominal aorta etc.
Yet the causes of pain in organs of the left lower side of the abdomen can be categorized into benign like pain due to the accumulation of gas as well as the serious one like the infection. The abdominal pain in the lower left portion may also happen due to its link with the problems of the digestive tract. Besides it, a pain in this region could be manifested because of the problems of reproductive organs, body wall or blood vessels, and urinary tract. This causes intense discomfort, stiffness and pain sensitivity in the lower left abdomen. People who are experiencing a chronic or persistent pain must consult a doctor.
The 14 most common diseases which cause pain in a left lower side of an abdomen are described in following:
Infection of the intestinal wall (diverticula) is called diverticulitis. It is one the most common causes of severe pain in the left lower portion of the abdomen. This problem happens when diverticula in an intestinal wall got infected and become inflamed. It usually forms in the weak parts of a large intestine that are referred to as a colon. In the initial stage, most of the people have not any symptoms, therefore; it is probable that a person may remain undetected from diverticulosis disorder for years. However, with time, it may cause severe inflammation and infection. This can happen in about twenty percent of all the cases. Most of the people just come to know from a doctor about the presence of diverticulosis. Sometimes diverticulosis can also become painful even without inflammation but it occurs in rare cases when a person involves in this disorder has an irritable bowel. Its other symptoms include cramps, diarrhea, without fever.
In most of the cases, diverticulosis causes a widespread pain which increases gradually and later confines in the left lower part of the abdomen. This is accompanied by bloating, fever, and the changes in feces’ appearances. Sometimes the quantity of feces diminishes and become rare. In some of the cases, this happens due to concerned damage of a colon with the peritonitis (which is inflammation of a peritoneum). Diverticulosis may present in adults but mostly old people develop this disorder because they have more tendencies towards tearing or swelling of an organ due to their ages. The additional signs or symptoms of infections may include an abdomen pain on the lower left portion, flatulence, fever, constipation or diarrhea, vomiting, and poor appetite. This pain has a tendency to increase when an individual eats food.