2) Triple negative breast cancer chemotherapy
Chemotherapy entails the use of very powerful drugs that are taken by mouth or through an injection, which reach the tumor cells wherever they are in the body and destroy them. This line of therapy is therefore useful in treating a patient with metastatic disease. Chemotherapy can be used before surgery to shrink the tumor, making the operation easier to perform. This is called neoadjuvant therapy. It can also be used after the operation, in order to eliminate any remaining tumor cells, thus decreasing the risk of recurrence of the breast cancer. There are, however, a number of side effects that occur when using most chemotherapeutic drugs, most commonly nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The physician may prescribe one drug or multiple chemotherapy medications to create a drug regimen that is tailored to the patient’s specific type of breast cancer while attempting to minimize the side effects as well.