1. Surgical treatment
The most common treatment for cholestasis is a biliary bypass, which creates a new pathway for bile to reach the intestines. This procedure is performed by making an incision in the patient’s abdomen and connecting the bile ducts to the intestines, bypassing the obstruction. Another surgical option is a cholecystostomy, which removes the gallbladder and the obstruction in the bile ducts. This procedure is typically used for an infection or tumor in the gallbladder.
A laparoscopic cholecystectomy may be performed if the patient is not a candidate for a biliary bypass or a standard cholecystostomy. This operation involves the insertion of a small camera and instruments into the abdomen, allowing the surgeon to view and remove the gallbladder.
Finally, a liver transplant may be necessary if there is irreparable liver damage caused by cholestasis. This procedure involves removing the diseased liver and replacing it with a healthy liver from a donor. In all cases, a multidisciplinary team of medical professionals is involved in diagnosing and treating cholestasis to ensure the best possible outcome for the patient.