What is cholecystectomy (Gallbladder Removal)?
Cholecystectomy is a well-known surgery since the 19th century. Surgeons back then figured out that gallbladder conditions may not be relieved by simple traditional medications therefore they innovated surgical procedures to excise the gallbladder. In July 1882 the first open cholecystectomy was performed by a German surgeon called dr. Carl Langenbuch and it was a breakthrough in medicine. After the invention of laparoscopy, dr. Erich Mühe was the first surgeon to perform a laparoscopic cholecystectomy in 1985.
Statistics of cholecystectomy
Although cholecystectomy is a major surgery , it is frequently performed and has significant results. Physicians recommend cholecystectomy for almost 80% of patients with gall stones because of its high success rate. Statistics have shown that the success rate of open cholecystectomy is 83% while laparoscopic cholecystectomy is 98%.
Physicians consider cholecystectomy the definitive treatment for many gallbladder conditions such as recurrent gallstones. it is estimated that more than 700.000 gallbladder removal surgeries are performed every year in the US. The mortality rate of cholecystectomy is barely noticeable as it is found to be less than 0.3%.
Patients who are indicated to get their gallbladder removed ask whether their life quality or expectancy will be affected after the surgery, in fact, patients after cholecystectomy usually have a healthier lifestyle and longer life span.
» Now, let’s discuss Types, Contraindications, Indications, Preparations, Recovery and Complications of cholecystectomy