Hepatitis C | All You Need to Know About Hepatitis C

Treatment options

After being diagnosed with hepatitis C, you might undergo a period of follow-ups because 15-50% of patients experience spontaneous clearance of the infection. If you are still positive for hepatitis C after six months or experience symptoms that require immediate treatment, these are the options you can consider with your doctor:

  • Antiviral agents: This is the most effective way to clear the infection. It works in 90% of people. They are oral medications you need to take for 8 to 12 weeks. It can be a single pill or several pills taken at once, depending on the type of hepatitis and your health parameters.
  • Supportive treatment: Depending on your symptoms, your doctor may give you a specific treatment to solve a variety of conditions—for example, creams for pruritus and pain medications to reduce joint pain.
  • Treatment of hepatitis C complications: Some patients already have advanced disease and require specialized treatment for cirrhosis or liver cancer.
  • Lifestyle modifications: Throughout this time, it is also important to eat a balanced diet, cut alcohol, quit smoking, and exercise regularly. Be careful when you have sexual intercourse, and do not share razors, syringes, needles, or razors with other people to prevent the spread of the disease.

Conclusion

Hepatitis C is a viral disease that mainly targets the liver with a chronic condition. It is initially asymptomatic, and a proportion of patients experience a self-limited illness, but this is not the most common scenario. In most cases, patients develop long-standing and severe liver inflammation that leads to liver fibrosis and destruction of the normal architecture of the organ.

Complications include liver cirrhosis and liver cancer, among others. In the late stage of the disease, hepatitis C can be challenging to treat because there is permanent damage to the organ. Thus, screening is warranted in high-risk populations, and prevention methods are essential to consider if you are in this group.